Literacy Lesson: The Anticipatory Set
by Chase Young

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This anticipatory set can be used to introduce Smoky Night by Eve Bunting. It engages the mastery, interpersonal, understanding, and self-expressive learning styles. The set caters to verbal-linguistic, interpersonal, and intrapersonal intelligences (Silver, 2000). 

Start by asking learners to close their eyes and picture a riot. Use terms they will understand, and descriptors to illustrate the troubling images found in the book. Mastery learners will complete their objective in the confines of their imagination. Interpersonal learners may relate information to a similar experience, or particulars such as the fire from a camping trip. Understanding learners will be able to predict the main idea of the story from the teacher’s description. Self-expressive learners will FEEL free to let their imagination fly while interpreting the information given by the teacher (Silver, 2000). 
The verbal linguistic intelligence will be utilized as the teacher describes the setting. Intrapersonal learners will rely on what they know to construct a reflective understanding of what might happen in the story. Finally, the interpersonal intelligence will be tapped when discussing the images students constructed (Silver, 2000). 
The objective of the anticipatory set is to activate prior knowledge, so students will better comprehend the story. It will effectively hook and hold the students and make the story meaningful and personal. The set will engage learners in a variety of styles and intelligences (Laureate Education, 2001). 


Laureate Education (Executive Producer). (2001). Learning differences: Effective teaching with learning styles and multiple intelligences [Educational video]. Los Angeles: Author.

Silver, H. F., Strong, R. W., & Perini, M. J. (2000). So each may learn: Integrating learning styles and multiple intelligences. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Gardner, H. (1993) "Multiple Intelligences: The Theory Into Practice." New York: Basic Books. 

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